About the Apache HTTP Server Project (2023)

The Apache HTTP Server Project is a collaborative software development effort to create a robust, robust, and freely available source code implementation of a commercial-grade HTTP (web) server. The project is managed by a group of volunteers around the world who use the Internet and the Web to communicate, design, and develop the server and its related documentation. This project is part of the ApacheSoftware Foundation. Additionally, hundreds of users have contributed ideas, code, and documentation to the project. The purpose of this document is to briefly describe the history of the Apache HTTP server and to recognize its many contributors.

In February 1995, the most popular server software on the Web was the public domain HTTP daemon developed by Rob McCool of the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. However, after Rob left NCSA, development of this httpd stopped - in 1994, many webmasters developed their own extensions and bug fixes to share. A small group of webmasters, contacted via private email, gathers to coordinate their changes (in the form of "patches"). Brian Behlendorf and Cliff Skolnick set up a mailing list, message area, and connection for the core developers on a machine in the Bay Area, California, with bandwidth provided by HotWired. By the end of February, eight key contributors formed the foundation of the original Apache team:

  • Brian Bellendorf
  • Roy Fielding
  • Rob Hattier
  • David Robinson
  • Cliff Skonic
  • randite bush
  • Robert Tao
  • Andrew Wilson

plus additional fees

  • Eric Harberg
  • Frank Peters
  • Nikola Piotsi

Using NCSA httpd 1.3 as a base, we added all the published bug fixes and valuable improvements we could find, tested the results on our own servers, and released the first version of Apache Server in April 1995. The official public release (0.6. 2 ). Coincidentally, NCSA restarted its own development around the same time, and Brandon Long and Beth Frank from the NCSA Server development team were listed as honorary members in March so that the two projects could share ideas and fixes.

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The first Apache server was extremely popular, but we all knew that the code base needed an overhaul and a redesign. During May-June 1995, while RobHartill and the rest of the team focused on implementing new 0.7.x features such as preforking subroutines and supporting the rapidly growing Apache user community, Robert Thau designed a new server architecture (codenamed Shambhala ), which included a modular structure and API for better scalability, pool-based memory allocation, and an adaptive pre-fork process model. The team switched to this new server base in July and added features from 0.7.x, resulting in Apache 0.8.8 (and similar) in August.

After extensive beta testing, several ports to hidden platforms, a new set of documentation (written by David Robinson), and many features added in the form of our standard modules, Apache 1.0 was released on December 1, 1995.

Less than a year after the group's creation, the Apache server passed NCSA's httpd as the number one server on the Internet, and according toResearch through Netcraft, which holds this position even today.

In 1999, members of the Apache team foundedApache Software FoundationProvides organizational, legal and financial support for Apache HTTP Server. The Foundation has laid a solid foundation for the future of software and has significantly increased the number of open source software projects that fall under the Foundation's umbrella.

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If you only occasionally want to submit a suggestion/correction, you can simply use the bug report form <http://httpd.apache.org/bug_report.html>. You can also subscribe to the mailing list (najavi@httpd.apache.org) We use it to broadcast information about new releases, bug fixes, and upcoming events. on <http://httpd.apache.org/dev/>.

notes:The developer mailing list is not a customer support forum. it's for people who are actively working on server code development. For those who actively develop and translate documentation, there is also a "documentation" subproject. Subscribe if you have any user/configuration questionsuser listOr try USENET newsgroups"Vijesti: comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix" the "新闻:comp.infosystems.www.servers.ms-windows" (for the platform you are using).

There is a core team of contributors, consisting initially of the project founders and occasionally other top contributors. There are "committers", who are given access to the source control repository to help maintain the project or documentation, and a core group now manages the project, called the Apache HTTP Project Management Committee (PMC for short). In fact, each Apache Software Foundation project has its own PMC to identify executors, project direction, and overall governance. The terms "The Apache Group" or "Apache Core" are no longer used.

The program is merit-based - the more work you do, the more you're allowed to do. The initial rules are set by the group founders, but can be changed by a vote of active PMC members. There is a group of people who can connect to our server and access the source code repository. Everyone has read-only access to the repository. Code changes are proposed to the mailing list, usually voted on by active members - three +1s (upvotes) and no -1s (no or downvotes) are required to list the code during the Change release cycle. Documents are usually submitted first, then amended as needed and conflicts resolved by majority vote.

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Our main form of communication is our mailing list. About 40 messages go through the list every day, and it's usually a very chatty tone. We discuss new features to be added, bug fixes, user issues, web server community development, release dates, and more. The actual code development takes place on the developer's local computer, and the proposed changes are fixed (output of the unified command "diff" -uoldfile newfile") and then committed to the source control repository by one of the committers. Mailing list Anyone can vote for a specific topic, but only votes from active members or people known to be experts in that part of the server count toward the submission requirements.A veto must be accompanied by a compelling technical reason.

New members of the Apache HTTP Project Steering Committee are added when a member nominates a frequent contributor and is unanimously approved by the voting members. In most cases, this "new" member has been actively contributing to the team for more than six months, so it's usually an easy decision.

Project guidelines are constantly evolving under the supervision of the PMC as team members change and development/coordination tools improve.

Apache software exists to provide powerful and commercial reference applications of many types of software. It must remain a platform on which individuals and institutions can build reliable systems, both for experimental and critical purposes. We believe that online publishing tools should be in everyone's hands, and software companies should make money by providing value-added services such as exclusive modules and support, etc. We understand that it is often considered an economic advantage for a company to "own" the market - in the software industry this meant tightly controlling a particular channel so that all other companies had to pay to use it. This is usually achieved by "owning" the contracts under which the company operates, to the detriment of all other companies. If the World Wide Web's protocols remain "unfair" to one company, the Web will remain a level playing field for businesses large and small. Therefore, "ownership" of the protocol must be prevented. To that end, it's great that robust reference implementations of various protocols and APIs are freely available to all companies and individuals.

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Also, the Apache Software Foundation is an organic entity. those who benefit from using the software often give back by providing feature improvements, bug fixes, and support to others on public lists and newsgroups. The effort put forth by each individual is usually quite small, but the resulting product is very powerful. These kinds of communities can only happen in software that's freely available -- when someone pays for the software, they're usually not willing to fix bugs in it for free. Well, arguably Apache's advantage comes from the fact that it's free, and if it's not "free" it would suffer greatly, even if that money was spent on the right development team.

We'd like to see Apache software widely deployed - large companies, small companies, research institutions, schools, individuals, in intranet environments, everywhere - even if that means companies can afford commercial software and don't hesitate to pay for this, it can get a "free ride" using Apache. We're even glad that some commercial software companies are abandoning their own HTTP server development plans entirely and using Apache as a base, with suchpermissionHowever, Apache HTTPSever only comes from the Apache Software Foundation, but many vendors release their own products "based on Apache {Project}". There is no "{Vendor}Apache {Product}", which is a misuse of the Apache Software Foundation logo.

Autorska prava © 1997-2023 The Apache Software Foundation.
Apache HTTP Server, Apache, and the Apache wing logo are trademarks of the Apache Software Foundation.


What is Apache HTTP server project? ›

Apache HTTP Server Project is an open-source web server software that operates across various operating systems, including Windows and UNIX. That means its software is free to use and edit, with developers continually working to improve the project: It's important to understand that Apache is not the server itself.

Why do we need Apache HTTP server? ›

Apache web server provides a number of benefits to users. It is highly secure, providing a secure platform for hosting websites and web applications. It is also highly reliable, providing a stable platform for hosting websites and web applications.

What is Apache HTTP server information disclosure vulnerability? ›

The flaw is caused due to an error within the default error response for status code 400 when no custom ErrorDocument is configured, which can be exploited to expose 'httpOnly' cookies. Impact: Successful exploitation will allow attackers to obtain sensitive information that may aid in further attacks.

What is the Apache HTTP server also called? ›

In computers, the Apache Software Foundation is a nonprofit organization dedicated to maintaining many open source software projects. The Apache HTTP Server, also called httpd, is one of the most popular web servers in use today.

What is the goal of Apache project? ›

The Apache projects are characterized by a collaborative, consensus-based development process and an open and pragmatic software license, which is to say that it allows developers who receive the software freely, to re-distribute it under nonfree terms.

How do I run a project using HTTP Server? ›

Installing HTTP server using NPM

Run the command line/terminal on your system (it doesn't matter which directory you are currently in). Execute npm install -g http-server . Once NPM finishes, you have the tiny HTTP-server installed. That's it.

What are the main features of Apache server? ›

Apache Web Server is known for its reliability, flexibility, and scalability, making it an ideal choice for businesses of all sizes. It is also highly secure, with a range of features designed to protect your website from malicious attacks.

Who uses Apache HTTP server? ›

Some high-profile companies using Apache include Cisco, IBM, Salesforce, General Electric, Adobe, VMware, Xerox, LinkedIn, Facebook, Hewlett-Packard, AT&T, Siemens, eBay, and many more (source).

What are the advantages of HTTP server? ›

The primary advantage of using HTTPS is that it provides an extra layer of security for data being transferred over the internet. HTTPS encrypts the data being transferred, which makes it much more difficult for hackers to intercept and steal the data.

How to secure Apache HTTP Server? ›

Apache Security – 10 Tips for a Secure Installation
  1. Disable the server-info Directive. ...
  2. Disable the server-status Directive. ...
  3. Disable the ServerSignature Directive. ...
  4. Set the ServerTokens Directive to Prod. ...
  5. Disable Directory Listing. ...
  6. Enable Only the Required Modules. ...
  7. Use An Appropriate User and Group. ...
  8. Restrict Unwanted Services.
Mar 16, 2020

How secure is Apache server? ›

Apache web server is also highly scalable, allowing it to handle large amounts of traffic and data. It is also highly secure, with built-in security features such as authentication, authorization, and encryption. Apache web server is also highly reliable, with a 99.9% uptime guarantee.

How to use Apache HTTP client? ›

The general process for using HttpClient consists of a number of steps:
  1. Create an instance of HttpClient .
  2. Create an instance of one of the methods (GetMethod in this case). ...
  3. Tell HttpClient to execute the method.
  4. Read the response.
  5. Release the connection.
  6. Deal with the response.

Where is Apache HTTP Server located? ›

For example, in a default install, Apache httpd resides at /usr/local/apache2 in the Unix filesystem or "c:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache2" in the Windows filesystem. (Note that forward slashes should always be used as the path separator in Apache httpd configuration files, even for Windows.)

What is the main Apache HTTP Server configuration file? ›

The primary Apache configuration file is /etc/httpd/conf/httpd. conf . It contains a lot of configuration statements that don't need to be changed for a basic installation.

Is Apache HTTP Server a web server? ›

The Apache HTTP Server ("httpd") was launched in 1995 and it has been the most popular web server on the Internet since April 1996.

How does an Apache work? ›

The way Apache HTTP server works is that it will accept requests from the web browser, such as Google Chrome and Microsoft Edge, and turn programming scripts into web pages which contents are visible by the visitors. You can install a WordPress website on an Apache web server without any customization.

How many projects does Apache have? ›

There are currently 350+ open source initiatives at the ASF:

209 committees managing 365 projects.

What is Apache and its advantages? ›

Apache is free and open-source software of web server that is used by approx 40% of websites all over the world. Apache HTTP Server is its official name. It is developed and maintained by the Apache Software Foundation. Apache permits the owners of the websites for serving content over the web.

How do I send data to a HTTP server? ›

To send data using the HTTP POST method, you must include the data in the body of the HTTP POST message and specify the MIME type of the data with a Content-Type header. Below is an example of an HTTP POST request to send JSON data to the server. The size and data type for HTTP POST requests is not limited.

How do I deploy to Apache HTTP server? ›

how to deploy application in apache web server
  1. Configure Apache Web Server. Once the Apache web server is installed, it needs to be configured to serve the application. ...
  2. Copy Application Files. ...
  3. Test the Application. ...
  4. Secure the Application. ...
  5. Optimize Performance. ...
  6. Monitor the Application. ...
  7. Backup the Application.
Mar 3, 2023

How do I connect to HTTP server? ›

Select the protocol to use ( http:// or https:// ). Use the Server field to enter the name or IP address of the HTTP server. Do not include the scheme (i.e. http:// ) in this field. If your server is listening on a non-standard port (80 for http:// and 443 for https:// ) then enter the port number into the Port field.

How many connections does Apache server have? ›

By default, Apache web server is configured to support 150 concurrent connections. As your website traffic increases, Apache will start dropping additional requests and this will spoil customer experience. Here's how to increase max connections in Apache, to support high traffic websites.

Why is it called Apache server? ›

The name 'Apache' was chosen from respect for the various Native American nations collectively referred to as Apache, well-known for their superior skills in warfare strategy and their inexhaustible endurance.

What is the difference between Apache and server? ›

The main difference between Apache Web Server and Tomcat is that Apache Web Server is used to serve static content such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript files, while Tomcat is used to serve dynamic content such as Java servlets and JavaServer Pages. Apache Web Server is a web server, while Tomcat is an application server.

What is the latest version of Apache HTTP Server? ›

Apache Web Server is one of the most popular web servers in the world. It is an open-source software that is used to host websites and web applications. The latest version of Apache Web Server is Apache 2.4. 46, which was released in April 2021.

Is Apache HTTP Server still used? ›

Yes, Apache web server is still widely used today and is a popular choice for many web hosting companies. It is a reliable and secure web server that is used by millions of websites and web applications.

Which protocols does Apache support? ›

Apache uses the TCP/IP protocol as its foundation, providing an implementation of HTTP.

What is the main purpose of HTTP? ›

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a method for encoding and transporting information between a client (such as a web browser) and a web server. HTTP is the primary protocol for transmission of information across the Internet.

What is HTTP and why is it important? ›

What is HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)? The Hypertext Transfer Protocol is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems that allows users to communicate data on the World Wide Web.

What is the difference between web and HTTP server? ›

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is used to transfer web page files over the Internet. It runs at the application layer of the TCP/IP protocol stack. The transport layer uses the connection-oriented TCP protocol. Conclusively, HTTP is a protocol while web is a device management method.

How do I protect against slow HTTP attacks in Apache? ›

To protect your Web server against slow HTTP attacks, I recommend the following: Reject / drop connections with HTTP methods (verbs) not supported by the URL. Limit the header and message body to a minimal reasonable length. Set tighter URL-specific limits as appropriate for every resource that accepts a message body.

How do I restrict Apache access by IP? ›

Apache Restrict Access by IP
  1. Open Apache Configuration File. Apache configuration file is located at one of the following locations, depending on your Linux distribution. ...
  2. Restrict Access by IP. Once you have opened the appropriate configuration file, look for <Directory> tag. ...
  3. Restart Apache web server.
Dec 2, 2020

Does Apache server support HTTPS? ›

Apache SSL Configuration

And a final step would be to configure Apache so it can serve the request over HTTPS. We will use httpd-ssl. conf file to configure the certificate details. There are the following you need to ensure it exists the right parameters.

What type of server is most secure? ›

At the base level, dedicated servers represent the most secure type of hosting. With only one tenant occupying the server, there are no concerns about how the poor security of other hosting customers may affect the machine supporting your website or application.

What are Apache vulnerabilities? ›

Log4Shell (CVE-2021-44228, CVE-2021-45046 and CVE-2021-45105) is a remote code execution (RCE) vulnerability that enables malicious actors to execute arbitrary Java code, taking control of a target server.

How do you know if a server is secure? ›

A secure URL should begin with “https” rather than “http.” The “s” in “https” stands for secure, which indicates that the site is using a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) Certificate. This lets you know that all your communication and data is encrypted as it passes from your browser to the website's server.

How do I know if my server is Apache? ›

Check Apache Version Using Server Status Page

To access the server status page, open a web browser and type the following URL: http://your-server-ip/server-status This will open the server status page. Look for the “Server Version” section and it will display the version of Apache running on your server.

How do I check my Apache server status? ›

Check Apache Web Server Status

This can be done by running the command “sudo systemctl status apache2” in the terminal. This command will show the status of the Apache web server, including whether it is running or not. If the Apache web server is running, the output will show “active (running)”.

Which is a default port of Apache server? ›

Listen: to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or ports. HTTP server, by default, runs on port 80 for production. For testing, you could choose a port number between 1024 to 65535, which is not used by an existing application (you can run command " netstat " to check the existing connections).

What is the default port for Apache process? ›

Apache web server is configured by default to listen for incoming connections and bind to port 80. If you choose the TLS option, the server will listen on port 443 for secure communications.

What are the pros and cons of Apache? ›

Pros and Cons of Apache Spark
Apache SparkAdvantagesDisadvantages
SpeedNo automatic optimization process
Ease of UseFile Management System
Advanced AnalyticsFewer Algorithms
Dynamic in NatureSmall Files Issue
4 more rows
Jun 6, 2022

What is Apache HTTP client? ›

Http client is a transfer library. It resides on the client side, sends and receives Http messages. It provides up to date, feature-rich, and an efficient implementation which meets the recent Http standards.

Is Apache HTTP server a web server? ›

The Apache HTTP Server (/əˈpætʃi/ ə-PATCH-ee) is a free and open-source cross-platform web server software, released under the terms of Apache License 2.0. Apache is developed and maintained by an open community of developers under the auspices of the Apache Software Foundation.

What is the difference between Apache Tomcat and Apache HTTP server? ›

The main difference between Apache Web Server and Tomcat is that Apache Web Server is used to serve static content such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript files, while Tomcat is used to serve dynamic content such as Java servlets and JavaServer Pages. Apache Web Server is a web server, while Tomcat is an application server.

What is the difference between Tomcat and Apache HTTP server? ›

There are many ways to compare Tomcat vs. the Apache HTTP Server, but the fundamental difference is that Tomcat provides dynamic content by employing Java-based logic, while the Apache web server's primary purpose is to simply serve up static content such as HTML, images, audio and text.

Is Apache HTTP server still used? ›

Yes, Apache web server is still widely used today and is a popular choice for many web hosting companies. It is a reliable and secure web server that is used by millions of websites and web applications.

Where is Apache HTTP Server used? ›

Most web hosting companies will default to Apache as the main web server software. Some may offer additional options, but due to the ease of use, popularity, and resources available, most WordPress sites stick with Apache.

Who uses Apache HTTP Server? ›

Some high-profile companies using Apache include Cisco, IBM, Salesforce, General Electric, Adobe, VMware, Xerox, LinkedIn, Facebook, Hewlett-Packard, AT&T, Siemens, eBay, and many more (source).

What is the difference between a web server and a HTTP server? ›

On the software side, a web server includes several parts that control how web users access hosted files. At a minimum, this is an HTTP server. An HTTP server is software that understands URLs (web addresses) and HTTP (the protocol your browser uses to view webpages).

Does Apache HTTP server use Java? ›

Save this answer. Show activity on this post. The answer is no, Apache Http Server does not require JDK/JRE.

How to configure Apache HTTP server with Tomcat? ›

Enable Apache auto-configure
  1. In the server. xml for Tomcat (<tomcat-install-folder>\conf\server. xml), enable Apache auto-configure. ...
  2. Stop the Apache HTTP Web server if it is running.
  3. Restart Tomcat. The <tomcat-install-folder>\conf\auto\mod_jk. conf file is generated.

How does Apache Tomcat server work? ›

Tomcat is an open source web server developed by the Apache Software Foundation. It is a popular choice for web applications due to its scalability, reliability, and performance. Tomcat is a Java servlet container and web server that provides a platform for Java-based web applications.

What is the difference between HTTP and HTTPd? ›

HTTPd stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol daemon. It usually is the main software part of an HTTP server better known as a web server. Some commonly used implementations are: Apache HTTP Server.

How many websites run on Apache? ›

Vendor News
DeveloperDecember 2022Percent

Is Apache HTTP Server secure? ›

It has a built-in authentication system that allows users to log in with a username and password. It also has a built-in encryption system that encrypts data sent between the server and the client. Apache web server also has a number of other security features such as IP address filtering, URL rewriting, and more.


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